What is the NPDB?
1. What is the NPDB
2. Who Has Access to the NPDB?
The general public does not have access to provider-specific information stored in the NPDB. By law, access is restricted. The primary entities with access to the NPDB include:
- Hospitals and certain other health care entities (including professional societies).
- Quality Improvement Organizations (QIOs).
- State Licensing boards and certification authorities.
- Federal and State law enforcement agencies.
- Federal and state agencies administering or supervising the administration of government health care programs.
- Federal agencies responsible for the licensing and certification of health care practitioners, providers, and suppliers.
- Health plans.
- Health care practitioners, entities, providers, and suppliers requesting information reported to the NPDB concerning themselves (i.e., only self-queries are permitted).
Are you unsure your screening requirements depending on your business and location? Our FREE Consultation has you covered. It includes: An overview of exclusions in addition to an overview of your specific requirements and obligations. Furthermore a demonstration of our product and service (SAFER) will be performed prior to a presentation of your personalized solutions. This consultation is a free of charge consultation for your benefit only!
3. What are the Potential Penalties if an Entity Fails to Comply with the NPDB’s Reporting Requirements?
The penalties and sanctions that may be assessed for failure to comply with the NPDB’s reporting requirements vary. For example:
- Malpractice payers (such as insurance companies) that fail to report medical malpractice payments are subject to Civil Money Penalties of up to $23,331 for each non-reported payment.
- Hospitals or other health care entities that fail to report adverse actions can be cited in the Federal Register and can lose their immunity from liability under Title IV with respect to professional review activities for a period of 3 years.
- State Medical or Dental Boards that fail to submit reports of adverse actions can have responsibility to report removed by the Secretary of HHS.
- Professional societies that fails substantially to report adverse membership actions can lose immunity protections under Title IV for 3 years.
- Health plans that fail to report information on an adverse action required to be reported to the NPDB shall be subject to a civil money penalty of up to $39,811 for each adverse action not reported.
The Secretary of HHS is required to publish a public report that identifies government agencies that have failed to report information on adverse actions, such as exclusion from participation in Federal health benefits programs.
4. Does NPDB Include all Federal and State Exclusion Actions?
Maybe. Unfortunately, the reporting criteria used to determine whether an excluded individual is listed on the NPDB are different than the reporting criteria used by the Office of Inspector General (OIG) on its “List of Excluded Individuals / Entities” (LEIE).
As the NPDB Guidebook notes:
“The NPDB is meant to be used as one of many tools available to health care entities of all types as they make licensing, certification, hiring, credentialing, contracting, and similar decisions. The NPDB can provide valuable background information, but health care entities should use the NPDV in conjunction with other resources when making personnel and contracting decisions.”
5. Best Practice: Contact the Screening Professionals at Exclusion Screening
In light of significant limitations to the NPDB discussed above, it cannot be used by Medicare and Medicaid participants to meet their statutory screening obligations. For a cost-effective, easy way to screen your employees, contractors, vendors and agents, reach out us today at 800 294-0952 or by filling out the form below.